TRAM flap reconstruction for breast cancer. Free TRAM flap: In a free TRAM flap, fat, skin, blood vessels, and muscle are cut from the This means that your surgeon tries to use only part of the rectus abdominis muscle for.
Breast reconstruction with flap surgery involves taking a section of tissue . For a muscle-sparing free TRAM flap, your surgeon takes only a.
Breast reconstruction entered the modern era when Hartrampf, Scheflan, The free TRAM flap operation is major surgery and should not be.